How to Winterize Your Lawn

TOOLS

  • rake
  • core aerator
  • garden hose
  • lawn spreader

MATERIALS

  • fertilizer
  • cool season grass seed

STEP 1

Debbie

Spread the Fertilizer

Apply fertilizer with a spreader, available at home stores. A walk-behind or motorized spreader is more accurate than a hand-held version. As you move the machine back and forth over the grass, grip the handle like a trigger and it releases pellets when you “shoot.” Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package. Apply only the recommended amount. This is not a case of “If a little is good, even more, is better” — too much fertilizer can burn your grass.

STEP 2

Flynnside Out Productions

Aerate the Lawn

Provide some extra air for grassroots by aerating your lawn — taking out spikes of soil across your lawn to make holes for planting the seed. Aerating is low-cost maintenance and even if it’s the only thing you do for your yard, you should see improvement. There are motorized aerators for rent, manual versions that work like pogo sticks, pushing out two plugs of soil at a time, and even shoes you can use to aerate while you walk. The pogo-stick versions are good exercise, but beware: the motorized versions can require substantial upper body strength to use.

STEP 3

Julie A. Martens

Spread Cool-Weather Grass Seed

Purchase grass seed that says “cool season” or “cool weather” on the package, such as most fescues. Scatter it over the lawn with the same spreader you used for the fertilizer, or use a hand-held spreader for less fuss. Try to get the seed evenly distributed so you won’t have clumps of grass later.

STEP 4

Steve Simzer

Rake and Water the Lawn

Drag a rake over the lawn to break up soil clumps and cover the seeds a bit.

Water the lawn with the garden hose, using a nice gentle spray like rain. After that, keep the soil moist but don’t overwater it or let it dry out. You may have to mow your lawn a few more times before the cold weather sets in, and you can also fertilize another time in a few weeks to help the grass grow. During the cooler months, you should see a lot of growth as a result of your labors.

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